MAGNET MONDAY: From 14 forces to 5 components — ever wondered why?
We all know that our framework for nursing excellence is the Magnet Model. As our 5th annual Nursing Strategic Planning Retreat approaches this week, I remember learning about the 14 Forces of Magnetism (FOM) at the first retreat in 2008.
So, what is the difference between the 14 FOM we heard about in the past and the 5 Model components we talk about now?
The FOM that were identified more than 25 years ago have remained stable and were the foundation for the original Magnet model from the early 1990s. In 2007, the ANCC commissioned a project to examine the relationships among the FOM by investigating alternative frameworks. Their research showed that the sources of evidence interrelate in 5 components which work together to create a work environment that supports excellence in nursing practice.
According to the 2008 edition of the ANCC Magnet Recognition Program Manual, the new model focuses healthcare organizations “on achieving superior performance as evidenced by outcomes. Evidence-based practice, innovation, evolving technology, and patient partnerships are evident in the Model. ”
See how the Components match up with the Forces in the table below. -Rita Linnenkamp, BSN, RN